MySQL’s slow query log makes it easy to track SQL queries that take more than a specific time for execution. This allows you to find inefficient SQL queries that can be optimized to improve database performance.


  1. A user with sudo privileges
  2. Mysql Database must be installed 
  3. Mysql credentials (if secured)


Step 1: SSH the server with the user having sudo privileges

$ ssh user@IP

Step 2: Open the mysqld.cnf file from the path /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/ with vi editor or nano editor

$ cd /etc/mysql/mysql.conf.d/$ vi mysqld.cnf

Step 3: Search for the parameter slow_query_log and edit the existing setup as mentioned 

slow_query_log = 1slow-query_log_file = /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.loglong_query_time = 2

Change the long query time as per the requirement in seconds. 

Step 4: Create the mysql-slow.log file in the path as mentioned in the parameter slow-query_log_file in step 3  and set its user as the mysql user

$touch /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log$chown mysql:mysql /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log

Step 5: Restart MySQL service 

$ systemctl restart mysql

Step 6: To save all slow queries that the system previously recorded in the mysql-slow.log file 

$ mysqldumpslow -a /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log

Step 7: To verify this setup log in to MySQL database server

$ mysql -u root -p
Enter the root user password

Step 8: Run the below query to verify whether the slow query log has been enabled or not


If the slow_query_log value is ON, we can confirm that the slow query log has been enabled successfully


By enabling the slow query log for MySQL we can diagnose the performance and efficiency issues that affect the server.
By identifying queries that are particularly slow in their execution, we can address them while restructuring the application.

Leave a Reply